1. To understand composition of various minerals, rock and their properties.
2. To develop a skills for application of geology to engineering problems.
COURSE LEARNING OUTCOMES (CLO)
CLO:1 Understand the basic concept of geology.
CLO:2 Understand the formation of rocks and structural features of stratas.
CLO:3 Have knowledge about landscape, earthquakes, and tunneling.
CLO:4 Apply acquired knowledge in civil engineering projects.
CLO:5 Have skills to understand geological survey maps.
- Introduction to various branches of geology
- Origin and internal constitution of the earth
- Rocks and Minerals, Structural Features
- Main groups
- Igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks
- Important minerals and ores
- Rock cycle
- Glaciers and glaciations
- Dip, strike, folds, faults, joints, unconformities conformable and unconformable series of strata
- Effects of folding
- Faulting and jointing on civil engineering projects and their recognition in the field
- Weathering and Erosion, Volcanoes
- Agents of weathering and erosion
- Weathering classification
- Cycle of erosion, normal, glacial and marine erosion
- Land forms
- Mass wasting
- Formation of meanders and ox-bow lakes
- Formation of volcanoes
- Causes of volcanoes
- Nature and types of volcanic eruptions
- Products of eruptions
- Types of volcanoes
- Definition, causes of landslides
- Classification of landslides
- Preventive measures against landslides
- Definition and related technical terms
- Causes of earthquake
- Classification of earthquakes
- Earthquake or seismic waves
- Mechanism of earthquake
- Measuring of earthquake intensity (modified mercali intensity scale)
- Effects of earthquake and protective measures against earthquake
- Engineering geology of tunnels
- Geological survey prior to tunneling
- Lining of tunnels and their section
- Selection of tunnel site and its requirements
- Geological Survey Maps
- Physical method of subsurface mapping
- Exploratory geological surveys at engineering sites
- Engineering Applications
- Importance of geology for civil engineering projects
- Important building stones and other construction materials
- Geology of aquifers, wells, springs, streams and ground water conditions, hydrologic cycle
- Role of geology in selection of sites for dams, reservoirs and pertinent geological investigations
- Geology of foundations, cutting tunnels, highways, airfields and bridges